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originally a fiery and suggestive dance that appeared in Spain about 1600 and eventually gave its name to a musical form. Miguel de Cervantes, Francisco Gomez de Quevedo, and other contemporary writers imply a Mexican origin. Apparently danced with castanets by a couple or by a woman alone, it soon spread to Italy, where it was considered disreputable as it had been in Spain. During the 17th century, a subdued version gained favour at the French court; it appeared frequently in the stage works of Jean-Baptiste Lully