champac

champac

[cham-pak, chuhm-puhk]
noun
a southern Asian tree, Michelia champaca, of the magnolia family, having fragrant yellow or orange flowers and yielding an oil (champaca oil) used in perfumes.
Also, champaca [cham-puh-kuh, chuhm-] , champak.


Origin:
1760–70; < Hindi campak < Sanskrit campaka

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World English Dictionary
champac or champak (ˈtʃæmpæk, ˈtʃʌmpʌk, ˈtʃæmpæk, ˈtʃʌmpʌk)
 
n
a magnoliaceous tree, Michelia champaca, of India and the East Indies. Its fragrant yellow flowers yield an oil used in perfumes and its wood is used for furniture
 
[C18: from Hindi campak, from Sanskrit campaka, of Dravidian origin]
 
champak or champak
 
n
 
[C18: from Hindi campak, from Sanskrit campaka, of Dravidian origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

champac

Asian tree of the magnolia family (Magnoliaceae). Lustrous leaved, pyramidal, and about 30 metres (100 feet) tall, the mature plant bears fragrant, star-shaped yellow flowers, which are the source of champac perfume and of a yellow dye. It is often grown as a boulevard tree in the tropics and is frequently planted on Hindu temple grounds because it is considered sacred to the god Vishnu. The tree has smooth gray bark, oval-shaped 25-cm- (10-inch-) long evergreen leaves, and 6.5-cm (2.5-inch) yellow-to-orange, narrow-petaled flowers that bloom in spring and fall. Scarlet or brown seeds cluster along its long stalk. Champac wood takes a good polish and is used for making boats, drums, and religious images. In India, however, where it is revered, the tree is rarely cut. A related species, Magnolia compressa, is a 12-metre (39-foot) Japanese tree with 2.5-cm (1-inch) fragrant yellow flowers

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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