Also, characteristical. pertaining to, constituting, or indicating the character or peculiar quality of a person or thing; typical; distinctive: Red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn.
a distinguishing feature or quality: Generosity is his chief characteristic.
the integral part of a common logarithm. Compare mantissa.
the exponent of 10 in a number expressed in scientific notation.
the smallest positive integer n such that each element of a given ring added to itself n times results in 0.

1655–65; < Greek charaktēristikós. See character, -istic

characteristically, adverb
noncharacteristic, adjective
noncharacteristically, adverb
quasi-characteristic, adjective
quasi-characteristically, adverb
uncharacteristic, adjective
uncharacteristically, adverb

1. special, peculiar. 2. attribute, property, trait. See feature. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
characteristic (ˌkærɪktəˈrɪstɪk)
1.  a distinguishing quality, attribute, or trait
2.  maths
 a.  Compare mantissa the integral part of a common logarithm, indicating the order of magnitude of the associated number: the characteristic of 2.4771 is 2
 b.  another name for exponent, used esp in number representation in computing
3.  indicative of a distinctive quality, etc; typical

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

both adj. and n. first attested 1660s, from character (q.v.) on model of Gk. kharakteristikos.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

characteristic char·ac·ter·is·tic (kār'ək-tə-rĭs'tĭk)
See character.

char'ac·ter·is'tic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
characteristic   (kār'ək-tə-rĭs'tĭk)  Pronunciation Key 
The part of a logarithm to the base 10 that is to the left of the decimal point. For example, if 2.749 is a logarithm, 2 is the characteristic. Compare mantissa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for characteristically
These losses are characteristically unconnected with excisions.
Characteristically, this was done plainly in a tent without any ceremony.
The first group consists of two poems which characteristically start immediately.
Unlike other woodwinds, all three registers have characteristically different sounds.
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