charter

[chahr-ter]
noun
1.
a document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
2.
(often initial capital letter) a document defining the formal organization of a corporate body; constitution: the Charter of the United Nations.
3.
authorization from a central or parent organization to establish a new branch, chapter, etc.
4.
a grant by a sovereign power creating a corporation, as the royal charters granted to British colonies in America.
5.
Also called charter party. a contract by which part or all of a ship is leased for a voyage or a stated time.
6.
a tour, vacation, or trip by charter arrangement: The travel agency is offering charters to Europe and the Caribbean.
7.
special privilege or immunity.
verb (used with object)
8.
to establish by charter: to charter a bank.
9.
to lease or hire for exclusive use: The company will charter six buses for the picnic.
10.
to give special favor or privilege to.
adjective
11.
of or pertaining to a method of travel in which the transportation is specially leased or hired for members of a group or association: a charter flight to Europe.
12.
that can be leased or hired for exclusive or private use: a charter boat for deep-sea fishing.
13.
done or held in accordance with a charter: a charter school.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English chartre < Old French < Latin chartul(a) little paper (by assimilation), equivalent to chart(a) (see charta) + -ula -ule

charterable, adjective
charterage, noun
charterer, noun
charterless, adjective
recharter, verb (used with object), noun
subcharter, noun, verb

charted, chartered.


9. See hire.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
charter (ˈtʃɑːtə)
 
n
1.  a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc, and specifying its purposes and rights
2.  (sometimes capital) a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
3.  a document issued by a society or an organization authorizing the establishment of a local branch or chapter
4.  a special privilege or exemption
5.  (often capital) the fundamental principles of an organization; constitution: the Charter of the United Nations
6.  a.  the hire or lease of transportation
 b.  the agreement or contract regulating this
 c.  (as modifier): a charter flight
7.  a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirable: a beggars' charter
8.  maritime law another word for charterparty
 
vb
9.  to lease or hire by charterparty
10.  to hire (a vehicle, etc)
11.  to grant a charter of incorporation or liberties to (a group or person)
 
[C13: from Old French chartre, from Latin chartula a little paper, from charta leaf of papyrus; see chart]
 
'charterer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

charter
mid-13c., from O.Fr. chartre "charter," from L. chartula, dim. of charta "paper, document" (see chart). The verb meaning "to hire" is attested from 1806. Charterhouse, the great English public school founded in London in 1611, is a folk etymology from chartreux (see
chartreuse); it was founded upon the site of a Carthusian monastery.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In its first six years, its partner countries exceeded the growth rate set out
  in the original charter agreement.
He announced grant money for a new charter school and a fire house.
Charter flights no longer bring tourists to gaze at the dunes.
But the new charter will weaken property rights, for example by allowing
  expropriations before rather than after a court ruling.
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