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chatelaine

[shat-l-eyn; French shahtuh-len] /ˈʃæt lˌeɪn; French ʃɑtəˈlɛn/
noun, plural chatelaines
[shat-l-eynz; French shahtuh-len] /ˈʃæt lˌeɪnz; French ʃɑtəˈlɛn/ (Show IPA)
1.
the mistress of a castle.
2.
the mistress of an elegant or fashionable household.
3.
a hooklike clasp or a chain for suspending keys, trinkets, scissors, a watch, etc., worn at the waist by women.
4.
a woman's lapel ornament resembling this.
Origin of chatelaine
1835-1845
1835-45; < French châtelaine. See chatelain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for chatelaine

chatelaine

/ˈʃætəˌleɪn; French ʃɑtlɛn/
noun
1.
(esp formerly) the mistress of a castle or fashionable household
2.
a chain or clasp worn at the waist by women in the 16th to the 19th centuries, with handkerchief, keys, etc, attached
3.
a decorative pendant worn on the lapel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chatelaine
n.

1845, from French châtelaine "a female castellan; wife of a castellan; mistress of a castle or country house;" fem. of châtelain, from Old French chastelain "owner and lord of a castle, castellan, nobleman," from chastel (see chateau). In fashion, as a type of ornamental belt, from 1851; supposed to resemble a chain of keys.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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