a woman's loose-fitting, shirtlike undergarment.
(in women's fashions) a dress designed to hang straight from the shoulders and fit loosely at the waist, sometimes more tightly at the hip.
a revetment for an earth embankment.

before 1050; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French: shirt < Late Latin camīsa linen undergarment, shirt; replacing Middle English kemes, Old English cemes < Late Latin camīsa Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chemise (ʃəˈmiːz)
1.  an unwaisted loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders
2.  a loose shirtlike undergarment
[C14: from Old French: shirt, from Late Latin camisa, perhaps of Celtic origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1050, cemes, from O.Fr., from L.L. camisia "shirt, tunic" (c.400 C.E.), first used as a soldier's word, probably via Gaulish, from P.Gmc. *khamithjan (cf. Ger. hemd "shirt"), from PIE base *kem- "to cover, cloak." The Fr. form took over after c.1200.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


loose, shirtlike garment worn by women in the European Middle Ages under their gowns (also called a chemise). The smock later became a loose, yoked, shirtlike outer garment of coarse linen, used to protect the clothes; it was worn, for example, by fieldworkers in Europe.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The lands in this area are susceptible to wildland fires and are characterized by chaparral and chemise vegetation ecosystem.
Clad in a loose chemise and seated before a washstand and mirror, she performs the routine task of coiling her hair.
Underneath, she wears a dainty lingerie set made up of tap pants and a strapless chemise with garters and stockings.
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