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chernozem

[chur-nuh-zem, chair-; Russian chyir-nuh-zyawm] /ˈtʃɜr nəˌzɛm, ˈtʃɛər-; Russian tʃyɪr nʌˈzyɔm/
noun
1.
a soil common in cool or temperate semiarid climates, very black and rich in humus and carbonates.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45; < Russian chernozëm, equivalent to chërn() black + -o- -o- + -zëm, variant, in compounds, of zemlyá earth, land; see humus
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for chernozem
  • Rye is grown farther north, in the less fertile non-chernozem zone.
  • chernozem is very fertile and produces a high agricultural yield.
British Dictionary definitions for chernozem

chernozem

/ˈtʃɜːnəʊˌzɛm/
noun
1.
a black soil, rich in humus and carbonates, in cool or temperate semiarid regions, as the grasslands of Russia
Word Origin
from Russian, contraction of chernaya zemlya black earth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chernozem
chernozem
1842, from Rus. chernozem, lit. "black earth," from chernyl "black" + zemlya "earth, soil."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Difficulty index for chernozem

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Word Value for chernozem

25
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