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chiasmus

[kahy-az-muh s] /kaɪˈæz məs/
noun, plural chiasmi
[kahy-az-mahy] /kaɪˈæz maɪ/ (Show IPA).
Rhetoric
1.
a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases, as in “He went to the country, to the town went she.”.
Origin
1870-1875
1870-75; < Greek chiasmós, equivalent to chi chi1 + -asmos masculine noun suffix, akin to -asma; see chiasma
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chiasmus

chiasmus

/kaɪˈæzməs/
noun (pl) -mi (-maɪ)
1.
(rhetoric) reversal of the order of words in the second of two parallel phrases: he came in triumph and in defeat departs
Derived Forms
chiastic (kaɪˈæstɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin, from Greek khiasmos crisscross arrangement; see chiasma
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chiasmus
n.

in grammar, inversion of word order, 1871, Latinized from Greek khiasmos "a placing crosswise, diagonal arrangement" (see chi).

Adam, first of men,
To first of women, Eve.
["Paradise Lost"]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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15
17
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