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chimaera

[ki-meer-uh, kahy-] /kɪˈmɪər ə, kaɪ-/
noun
1.
any fish of the family Chimaeridae, the male of which has a spiny clasping organ over the mouth.
2.
any similar fish of the group Holocephali, which includes this family.
3.
Origin of chimaera
1795-1805
1795-1805; see chimera

chimera

or chimaera

[ki-meer-uh, kahy-] /kɪˈmɪər ə, kaɪ-/
noun, plural chimeras.
1.
(often initial capital letter) a mythological, fire-breathing monster, commonly represented with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail.
2.
any similarly grotesque monster having disparate parts, especially as depicted in decorative art.
3.
a horrible or unreal creature of the imagination; a vain or idle fancy:
He is far different from the chimera your fears have made of him.
4.
Genetics. an organism composed of two or more genetically distinct tissues, as an organism that is partly male and partly female, or an artificially produced individual having tissues of several species.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English chimera < Latin chimaera < Greek chímaira she-goat; akin to Old Norse gymbr, English gimmer ewe-lamb one year (i.e., one winter) old, Latin hiems winter (see hiemal), Greek cheimṓn winter
Synonyms
3. dream, fantasy, delusion.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for chimaera
Historical Examples
  • On came the chimaera, her serpent tail lashing the stones, but Bellerophon ever kept on the further side of a great tall rock.

  • He was afraid lest King Iobates should imagine that he had fled from the chimaera.

    My First Cruise W.H.G. Kingston
  • “The chimaera must have done this mischief,” thought Bellerophon.

    My First Cruise W.H.G. Kingston
  • All at once, Bellerophon started as from a dream, and knew it to be the chimaera.

    My First Cruise W.H.G. Kingston
  • If Bellerophon had been told truly, it was in one of those dismal valleys that the hideous chimaera had taken up its abode.

    My First Cruise W.H.G. Kingston
  • Do you think that the two of us can fly the chimaera south again?

  • Bellerophon has been explained as a hero of the storm, of which his conflict with the chimaera is symbolical.

  • Nobody should ever try to fight an earth-born chimaera, unless he can first get upon the back of an aerial steed.

    My First Cruise W.H.G. Kingston
  • I had thought myself armed with triple brass against the folds of a three-formed chimaera.

    Gryll Grange Thomas Love Peacock
  • The chimaera, by this time, after losing its second head, had got into a red-hot passion of pain and rampant rage.

    My First Cruise W.H.G. Kingston
British Dictionary definitions for chimaera

chimaera

/kaɪˈmɪərə; kɪ-/
noun
1.
any tapering smooth-skinned cartilaginous deep-sea fish of the subclass Holocephali (or Bradyodonti), esp any of the genus Chimaera. They have a skull in which the upper jaw is fused to the cranium See also rabbitfish (sense 1)
2.
(Greek myth) a variant spelling of chimera (sense 1)

chimera

/kaɪˈmɪərə; kɪ-/
noun
1.
(often capital) (Greek myth) a fire-breathing monster with the head of a lion, body of a goat, and tail of a serpent
2.
a fabulous beast made up of parts taken from various animals
3.
a wild and unrealistic dream or notion
4.
(biology) an organism, esp a cultivated plant, consisting of at least two genetically different kinds of tissue as a result of mutation, grafting, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Latin chimaera, from Greek khimaira she-goat, from khimaros he-goat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chimaera

chimera

n.

fabulous monster, late 14c., from Old French chimere or directly from Medieval Latin chimera, from Latin Chimaera, from Greek khimaira, name of a mythical creature, slain by Bellerophon, with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail (supposedly personification of snow or winter); literally "year-old she-goat" (masc. khimaros), from kheima "winter season" (see hibernation). Figurative meaning "wild fantasy" first recorded 1580s in English (attested 13c. in French).

Beestis clepid chymeres, that han a part of ech beest, and suche ben not, no but oonly in opynyoun. [Wyclif, "Prologue"]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chimaera in Medicine

chimera chi·me·ra (kī-mēr'ə, kĭ-)
n.

  1. One who has received a transplant of genetically and immunologically different tissue.

  2. Twins with two immunologically different types of red blood cells.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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chimaera in Culture
chimera [(keye-meer-uh, ki-meer-uh)]

A monster in classical mythology who had the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon or serpent.

Note: Figuratively, a “chimera” is a creation of the imagination, especially a wild creation.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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