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chinch bug

noun
1.
a small lygaeid bug, Blissus leucopterus, that feeds on corn, wheat, and other grains.
Origin
1775-1785
1775-85, Americanism
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for chinch bug
  • chinch bug damage is usually first detected when irregular patches of turf begin to turn yellow then straw colored.
  • Finally, the flotation method for quantifying chinch bug populations will be displayed.
  • Inheritance of chinch bug resistance in grain pearl millet.
  • The big-eyed bug is the primary predator of chinch bug nymphs and adults.
British Dictionary definitions for chinch bug

chinch bug

noun
1.
a black-and-white tropical American heteropterous insect, Blissus leucopterus, that is very destructive to grasses and cereals in the US: family Lygaeidae
2.
a related and similar European insect, Ischnodemus sabuleti
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for chinch bug

(Blissus leucopterus), important grain and corn pest belonging to the insect family Lygaeidae (order Heteroptera). Though a native of tropical America, the chinch bug has extended its range to include much of North America. It is a small bug, not more than 5 mm (0.2 inch) long. The adult is black with red legs; the white forewings have a black spot near the outer edge. In spring, adults that hibernated during the winter migrate from clumps of weeds to a wheat or other grain field. Each female then deposits about 300 to 500 cylindrical, yellow eggs on the roots, lower leaves, and stems of the grain. Reddish nymphs with a light band across the back emerge from the eggs after one or two weeks and immediately begin to suck the plant's sap. They grow rapidly, becoming dark and molting five times in about 40 days. When the wheat becomes too hard to suck or when harvest begins, large numbers of chinch bugs migrate-by crawling or flying, depending on the stage of development-to another grain field in search of food and a place to deposit eggs for a second generation. In autumn the second-generation adults fly to clumps of grass or some other sheltered place and hibernate during the winter.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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