any of several small, striped, terrestrial squirrels of the genera Tamias, of North America, and Eutamia, of Asia and North America, especially T. striatus, of eastern North America.

1825–35, Americanism; assimilated variant of earlier chitmunk, apparently < Ojibwa ačitamo·nʔ red squirrel, equivalent to ačit- headfirst, face-down + derivational elements; so called from the squirrel's manner of descending trees Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chipmunk (ˈtʃɪpˌmʌŋk)
any burrowing sciurine rodent of the genera Tamias of E North America and Eutamias of W North America and Asia, typically having black-striped yellowish fur and cheek pouches for storing food
[C19: of Algonquian origin; compare Ojibwa atchitamon squirrel, literally: headfirst, referring to its method of descent from trees]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1841, from Algonquian, probably Ojibwa ajidamoo (in the Ottawa dialect ajidamoonh) "red squirrel," lit. "one who descends trees headlong" (containing ajid- "upside down"), probably infl. by Eng. chip and mink.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
All the video shows is a chipmunk turning its head quickly.
The weasel population also increased, following the growth of the chipmunk
He also plays piano and can make weird chipmunk noises.
It had raced up his jaw and curved beneath the floor of his mouth, giving him
  the look of a mutant chipmunk.
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