chiton

chiton

[kahyt-n, kahy-ton]
noun
1.
Also called sea cradle. a mollusk of the class Amphineura, having a mantle covered with calcareous plates, found adhering to rocks.
2.
a gown or tunic, with or without sleeves, worn by both sexes in ancient Greece.

Origin:
1810–20; < Greek chitṓn tunic < Semitic (compare Hebrew kuttōneth tunic); ultimately < Sumerian

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World English Dictionary
chiton (ˈkaɪtən, -tɒn)
 
n
1.  (in ancient Greece and Rome) a loose woollen tunic worn knee length by men and full length by women
2.  Also called: coat-of-mail shell any small primitive marine mollusc of the genus Chiton and related genera, having an elongated body covered with eight overlapping shell plates: class Amphineura
 
[C19: from Greek khitōn coat of mail, of Semitic origin; related to Hebrew kethōnet]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chiton
mollusc genus, 1816, from Gk. khiton "frock (worn by both sexes), tunic, mail coat." Used in Eng. in literal sense of "ancient Gk. tunic" from 1850. The molluscs also are known as "coat-of-mail shells" for their mail-like covering.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

chiton

any of numerous flattened, bilaterally symmetrical marine mollusks, worldwide in distribution but most abundant in warm regions. The approximately 600 species are usually placed in the class Placophora, Polyplacophora, or Loricata (phylum Mollusca).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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