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chiton

[kahyt-n, kahy-ton] /ˈkaɪt n, ˈkaɪ tɒn/
noun
1.
Also called sea cradle. a mollusk of the class Amphineura, having a mantle covered with calcareous plates, found adhering to rocks.
2.
a gown or tunic, with or without sleeves, worn by both sexes in ancient Greece.
Origin
1810-1820
1810-20; < Greek chitṓn tunic < Semitic (compare Hebrew kuttōneth tunic); ultimately < Sumerian
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for chiton

chiton

/ˈkaɪtən; -tɒn/
noun
1.
(in ancient Greece and Rome) a loose woollen tunic worn knee length by men and full length by women
2.
Also called coat-of-mail shell. any small primitive marine mollusc of the genus Chiton and related genera, having an elongated body covered with eight overlapping shell plates: class Amphineura
Word Origin
C19: from Greek khitōn coat of mail, of Semitic origin; related to Hebrew kethōnet
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for chiton
n.

mollusc genus, 1816, from Latinized form of Greek khiton "frock (worn by both sexes), tunic, mail coat" (see chitin). Used in English in literal sense of "ancient Greek tunic" from 1850. The molluscs also are known as "coat-of-mail shells" for their mail-like covering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for chiton

any of numerous flattened, bilaterally symmetrical marine mollusks, worldwide in distribution but most abundant in warm regions. The approximately 600 species are usually placed in the class Placophora, Polyplacophora, or Loricata (phylum Mollusca).

Learn more about chiton with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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