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chloramine

[klawr-uh-meen, klohr-, klaw-ram-een, kloh-] /ˈklɔr əˌmin, ˈkloʊr-, klɔˈræm in, kloʊ-/
noun
1.
an unstable, colorless liquid, NH 2 Cl, with a pungent odor, derived from ammonia.
2.
any of a class of compounds obtained by replacing a hydrogen atom of an =NH or −NH 2 group with chlorine.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; chlor-2 + amine
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for chloramine
  • Fresh and salt-water fish in aquaria are sensitive to chlorine and chloramine in water.
  • After water has been used for one purpose, it probably would not have enough residual chloramine to affect fish.
  • Even without added chlorine, chloramine will still dissipate eventually.
  • Over time, the chlorine or chloramine in the water causes the rubber to break down.
  • chloramine-induced pneumonitis from mixing household cleaning agents.
  • Efficacy of chloramine-T to control mortality in freshwater-reared salmonids diagnosed with bacterial gill disease.
British Dictionary definitions for chloramine

chloramine

/ˈklɔːrəˌmiːn/
noun
1.
an unstable colourless liquid with a pungent odour, made by the reaction of sodium hypochlorite and ammonia. Formula: NH2Cl
2.
any compound produced by replacing hydrogen atoms in an azo or amine group with chlorine atoms
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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chloramine in Science
chloramine
  (klôr'ə-mēn')   
  1. One of three bactericidal compounds that form when chlorine and ammonia react in water. Chloramines are used to purify drinking water, since they are more stable than chlorine and produce fewer harmful by-products.

  2. Any of various organic compounds containing a chlorine atom attached to a nitrogen atom, especially one of three sodium salts that are used as antiseptics and germicides. The most widely used is called chloramine-T.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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