[klawr-ahyd, -id, klohr-]
a salt of hydrochloric acid consisting of two elements, one of which is chlorine, as sodium chloride, NaCl.
a compound containing chlorine, as methyl chloride, CH 3 Cl.

1805–15; chlor-2 + -ide Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chloride (ˈklɔːraɪd)
1.  any salt of hydrochloric acid, containing the chloride ion Cl--
2.  any compound containing a chlorine atom, such as methyl chloride (chloromethane), CH3Cl

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"chlorine compound," 1812, coined by Sir Humphrey Davy (1778-1829) from chlorine + -ide.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

chloride chlo·ride (klôr'īd')
A binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·rid'ic (klə-rĭd'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
chloride   (klôr'īd')  Pronunciation Key 
A compound, such as ammonium chloride, containing chlorine and another element or radical.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The matter at hand was a proposal to ban the purchase of polyvinyl chloride
  products using city funds.
The sodium and chloride ions in salt water conduct electricity.
Salt is made of two ions: positively charged sodium and negatively charged
If inundated by chloride ions, as a result of corrosion by salt water, their
  conductivity increases.
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