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cholecystitis

[koh-luh-si-stahy-tis, kol-uh-] /ˌkoʊ lə sɪˈstaɪ tɪs, ˌkɒl ə-/
noun, Pathology
1.
inflammation of the gallbladder.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70; chole- + cystitis
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cholecystitis

cholecystitis

/ˌkɒlɪsɪsˈtaɪtɪs/
noun
1.
inflammation of the gall bladder, due to bacterial infection or the presence of gallstones
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cholecystitis
cholecystitis
1866, "infection of the gall bladder," from cholecyst "gall bladder" (see cholecystectomy) + -itis.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cholecystitis in Medicine

cholecystitis cho·le·cys·ti·tis (kō'lĭ-sĭ-stī'tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the gallbladder.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for cholecystitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder, in most instances associated with the presence of gallstones. Disease-causing bacteria such as Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Leptospira are usually found in cases of acute inflammation, and they are also found in about 30 percent of the cases of chronic disease. Acute cholecystitis is often found in people who have had an earlier infection of the gallbladder that led to bile retention. In these cases the organ is swollen, tense, and reddened; there may be areas of dead tissue, and pus may be present. A person with acute cholecystitis is feverish and usually feels pain in the right upper abdomen. The patient also experiences nausea, vomiting, and chills. In chronic cholecystitis the gallbladder often is contracted rather than swollen; its wall is grayish white, tough, and thickened. There is discomfort after eating and difficulty in digesting fatty foods; there may be episodes of colic, pain, nausea, and vomiting.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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