chthonian

[thoh-nee-uhn]
adjective Classical Mythology.
of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth.
Also, chthonic [thon-ik] .


Origin:
1840–50; < Greek chthóni(os) (chthon-, stem of chthṓn earth + -ios adj. suffix) + -an; akin to Latin humus earth (see humus)

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World English Dictionary
chthonian or chthonic (ˈθəʊnɪən, ˈθɒnɪk)
 
adj
of or relating to the underworld
 
[C19: from Greek khthonios in or under the earth, from khthōn earth]
 
chthonic or chthonic
 
adj
 
[C19: from Greek khthonios in or under the earth, from khthōn earth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chthonic
1882, from Gk. khthonios "in the earth," from khthon "the earth, solid surface of the earth" (mostly poetic) from PIE root *dhghem- (cf. first element in chameleon, also L. humus "earth, soil," humilis "low;" Lith. zeme, O.C.S. zemlja "earth;" Skt. ksam- "earth" (opposed
to "sky"); O.Ir. du, gen. don "place," earlier "earth"). Chthonian is from 1850.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for chthonic
All these elements betoken the rites owed to a chthonic deity.
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