churchwarden

churchwarden

[church-wawr-dn]
noun
1.
Anglican Church. a lay officer who looks after the secular affairs of the church, and who, in England, is the legal representative of the parish.
2.
Episcopal Church. a lay church officer who, with other members of the vestry, is in charge of the temporal management of the parish.
3.
a long-stemmed clay pipe for smoking.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English chirche wardeyn

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World English Dictionary
churchwarden (ˌtʃɜːtʃˈwɔːdən)
 
n
1.  Church of England, Episcopalian Church one of two assistants of a parish priest who administer the secular affairs of the church
2.  a long-stemmed tobacco pipe made of clay

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

churchwarden

in the Church of England, one of the lay guardians of a parish church. The office dates from the 14th century, but the original duties of maintaining the edifice and goods of the church, with the financial obligations involved, were transferred to the parochial councils in 1921. Duties that remain are the provision of necessaries for divine service, the allocation of seats, and the keeping of order during services. Churchwardens are appointed after elections, one by the incumbent and one by the parishioners, in each parish

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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