chyle

chyle

[kahyl]
noun
a milky fluid containing emulsified fat and other products of digestion, formed from the chyme in the small intestine and conveyed by the lacteals and the thoracic duct to the veins.

Origin:
1535–45; < Late Latin chȳlus < Greek chȳlós juice, akin to cheîn to pour, Latin fundere to pour (see fuse2), English gut

chylous, adjective
pseudochylous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To chyle
Collins
World English Dictionary
chyle (kaɪl)
 
n
a milky fluid composed of lymph and emulsified fat globules, formed in the small intestine during digestion
 
[C17: from Late Latin chӯlus, from Greek khulos juice pressed from a plant; related to Greek khein to pour]
 
chylaceous
 
adj
 
'chylous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chyle
1540s, from L. chylus, from Gk. khylos "juice" (of plants, animals, etc.), see chyme.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

chyle (kīl)
n.
A turbid, white or pale yellow fluid taken up by the lacteals from the intestine during digestion and carried by the lymphatic system via the thoracic duct into the circulation.


chy·la'ceous (kī-lā'shəs) or chy'lous (kī'ləs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

chyle

lymph laden with fat that has been absorbed into the bloodstream from the small intestine. The fat globules, which give chyle a milky appearance, have a thin protein coating and are a micron or less in size (there are about 25,000 microns to an inch). After a meal it takes two to three hours for fat to be absorbed from the small intestine, travel through ever larger lymph channels until it reaches the thoracic duct (one of the two main lymphatic trunks), and enter the bloodstream by way of an opening from the duct into the left brachiocephalic vein. (This vein collects blood from the left arm, the neck, and the head.

Learn more about chyle with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;