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cinchona

[sing-koh-nuh, sin-] /sɪŋˈkoʊ nə, sɪn-/
noun
1.
any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, especially C. calisaya, native to the Andes, cultivated there and in Java and India for its bark, which yields quinine and other alkaloids.
2.
Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark. the medicinal bark of such trees or shrubs.
Origin
< Neo-Latin, the Linnaean genus name, after Francisca Enriques de Ribera, Countess of Chinchón (died 1641), who was associated with the introduction of quinine into Europe, in several accounts now considered spurious
Related forms
cinchonic
[sin-kon-ik] /sɪnˈkɒn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cinchona
  • It was the bark of the cinchona tree, a close cousin of coffee.
British Dictionary definitions for cinchona

cinchona

/sɪŋˈkəʊnə/
noun
1.
any tree or shrub of the South American rubiaceous genus Cinchona, esp C. calisaya, having medicinal bark
2.
Also called cinchona bark, Peruvian bark, calisaya, china bark. the dried bark of any of these trees, which yields quinine and other medicinal alkaloids
3.
any of the drugs derived from cinchona bark
Derived Forms
cinchonic (sɪŋˈkɒnɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C18: New Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (1576–1639), vicereine of Peru
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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cinchona in Medicine

cinchona cin·cho·na (sĭng-kō'nə, sĭn-chō'-)
n.

  1. Any of several trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes and cultivated for bark that yields the medicinal alkaloids quinine and quinidine.

  2. The dried bark of any of these plants.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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