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cinder

[sin-der] /ˈsɪn dər/
noun
1.
a partially or mostly burned piece of coal, wood, etc.
2.
cinders.
  1. any residue of combustion; ashes.
  2. Geology. coarse scoriae erupted by volcanoes.
3.
a live, flameless coal; ember.
4.
Metallurgy.
  1. slag (def 1).
  2. a mixture of ashes and slag.
verb (used with object)
5.
to spread cinders on:
The highway department salted and cindered the icy roads.
6.
Archaic. to reduce to cinders.
verb (used without object)
7.
to spread cinders on a surface, as a road or sidewalk:
My neighbor began cindering as soon as the first snowflake fell.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English synder, Old English sinder slag; cognate with German Sinter, Old Norse sindr; c- (for s-) < French cendre ashes
Related forms
cindery, cinderous, adjective
cinderlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for cinder
  • Much of the housing is self-built cinder block, and the owners build them as the money becomes available.
  • Next door, a sagging chain-link fence surrounds a cinder block kindergarten.
  • The walls here are made of cinder blocks-good in hurricanes.
  • Walk past the gumball machine into a large room with a salmon-colored cinder-block wall.
  • See the actual cinder cone on top while enjoying gorgeous city views.
  • Question two is true if the mountains in question are volcanic in nature, especially cinder cones.
  • The ramp is enclosed by cinder-block walls, about three feet high.
  • My father happened to have one, resting on cinder blocks, in a forgotten corner of his lot.
  • Behind the team, a contraption is weighted with big cinder blocks which are pulled in hitches.
  • Earlier flows become covered with piles of cinders, called cinder cones, which form around these eruptions.
British Dictionary definitions for cinder

cinder

/ˈsɪndə/
noun
1.
a piece of incombustible material left after the combustion of coal, coke, etc; clinker
2.
a piece of charred material that burns without flames; ember
3.
Also called sinter. any solid waste from smelting or refining
4.
(pl) fragments of volcanic lava; scoriae
verb
5.
(transitive) (rare) to burn to cinders
Derived Forms
cindery, adjective
Word Origin
Old English sinder; related to Old Norse sindr, Old High German sintar, Old Slavonic sedra stalactite
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cinder
cinder
O.E. sinder "dross of iron, slag," from P.Gmc. *sindran, from PIE base *sendhro- "coagulating fluid." Initial s- changed to c- under infl. of Fr. cendre. Volcanic cinder cone is recorded from 1849.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with cinder
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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9
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