cinquain

[sing-keyn, sing-keyn]
noun
1.
a group of five.
2.
Prosody.
a.
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
b.
any stanza of five lines.

Origin:
1705–15; < French < Late Latin cinque (see cinque) + French -ain collective suffix. See quatrain

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World English Dictionary
cinquain (sɪŋˈkeɪn, ˈsɪŋkeɪn)
 
n
a stanza of five lines
 
[C18 (in the sense: a military company of five): from French cinq five, from Latin quinque; compare quatrain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cinquain
"collection of five," 1711, from Fr. cinquain, from cinq "five" (see five). Originally in Eng. of military orders of battle; of 5-lined stanzas of verse from 1882.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

cinquain

a five-line stanza. The American poet Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1914), applied the term in particular to a five-line verse form of specific metre that she developed. Analogous to the Japanese verse forms haiku and tanka, it has two syllables in its first and last lines and four, six, and eight in the intervening three lines and generally has an iambic cadence. An example is her poem "November Night": Listen With faint dry soundLike steps of passing ghosts,the leaves, frost-crisp'd, break from the treesAnd fall

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Select an topic and ask the students to write cinquain or haiku poems about it.
Use letters to describe one of the animal pelts or to write a cinquain poem about one of the pelts.
In the center of this snowflake, write a cinquain about winter wildlife.
Have each pair use their interview responses to create a cinquain poem.
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