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13 Essential Literary Terms

circulate

[sur-kyuh-leyt] /ˈsɜr kyəˌleɪt/
verb (used without object), circulated, circulating.
1.
to move in a circle or circuit; move or pass through a circuit back to the starting point:
Blood circulates throughout the body.
2.
to pass from place to place, from person to person, etc.:
She circulated among her guests.
3.
to be distributed or sold, especially over a wide area.
4.
Library Science. (of books and other materials) to be available for borrowing by patrons of a library for a specified period of time.
verb (used with object), circulated, circulating.
5.
to cause to pass from place to place, person to person, etc.; disseminate; distribute:
to circulate a rumor.
6.
Library Science. to lend (books and other materials) to patrons of a library for a specified period of time.
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75 for earlier senses; 1665-75 for current senses; late Middle English < Latin circulātus (past participle of circulārī to gather round one, Medieval Latin circulāre to encircle), equivalent to circul(us) circle + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
circulatable, adjective
circulative
[sur-kyuh-ley-tiv, -luh-tiv] /ˈsɜr kyəˌleɪ tɪv, -lə tɪv/ (Show IPA),
adjective
circulatory
[sur-kyuh-luh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈsɜr kyə ləˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
intercirculate, verb, intercirculated, intercirculating.
noncirculating, adjective
noncirculatory, adjective
precirculate, verb, precirculated, precirculating.
recirculate, verb, recirculated, recirculating.
uncirculated, adjective
uncirculating, adjective
uncirculative, adjective
well-circulated, adjective
Synonyms
3. disperse, spread, promulgate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for circulating
  • It is doubtful whether they exist normally in circulating blood.
  • New valuable ideas, new valuable works are circulating in the place of our old dreamy and romantic authors.
  • The mails provide the means of circulating millions of leaflets and pamphlets.
  • Winds and tides have long been known to drive currents circulating within the ocean.
  • Deepwater cages offer cleaner, more freely circulating ocean water and natural food, which can yield tastier fish.
  • Frequently exercise arms, legs, fingers and toes to keep blood circulating.
  • It has been shown to boost the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine circulating in the systems of both humans and mice.
  • Indeed, so much is at stake that rumors are now circulating about what the investigation will be allowed to conclude.
  • Blood tests measure the amount of specific antibodies circulating in the blood after an injection of the suspect substance.
  • There are no images yet circulating to match against the reports, but surely soon they will come too.
British Dictionary definitions for circulating

circulate

/ˈsɜːkjʊˌleɪt/
verb
1.
to send, go, or pass from place to place or person to person: don't circulate the news
2.
to distribute or be distributed over a wide area
3.
to move or cause to move through a circuit, system, etc, returning to the starting point: blood circulates through the body
4.
to move in a circle: the earth circulates around the sun
Derived Forms
circulative, adjective
circulator, noun
circulatory, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin circulārī to assemble in a circle, from circuluscircle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for circulating

circulate

v.

1540s (late 15c. as a past participle adjective), as a chemical term for alternating vaporization and condensation, from Latin circulatus, past participle of circulare "to form a circle," from circulus (see circle (n.)). Meaning "to move around, revolve" is from 1670s; of blood, from 1650s; of persons, "to mingle in a social gathering," from 1863. Sense of "to pass about freely" is from 1660s; of newspapers from 1885. Related: Circulated; circulating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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circulating in Science
circulate
  (sûr'kyə-lāt')   
To move in or flow through a circle or a circuit. Blood circulates through the body as it flows out from the heart to the tissues and back again.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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