9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[sahyt] /saɪt/
verb (used with object), cited, citing.
to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.), especially as an authority:
He cited the Constitution in his defense.
to mention in support, proof, or confirmation; refer to as an example:
He cited many instances of abuse of power.
to summon officially or authoritatively to appear in court.
to call to mind; recall:
citing my gratitude to him.
Military. to mention (a soldier, unit, etc.) in orders, as for gallantry.
to commend, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty.
to summon or call; rouse to action.
Origin of cite1
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin citāre to summon before a church court; in Latin, to hurry, set in motion, summon before a court, frequentative of ciēre to move, set in motion
Related forms
citable, citeable, adjective
citer, noun
noncitable, adjective
nonciteable, adjective
uncitable, adjective
unciteable, adjective
uncited, adjective


[sahyt] /saɪt/
citation (defs 7, 8).
by shortening Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for cites
  • His learning, however, is much less than appears from the mere array of authorities which he cites.
  • He cites many examples, striking for those who are capable of appreciating them.
  • She cites her own story as an example of how situation affects self-perception, which in turn affects performance.
  • Navy cites smoking as likely cause of carrier fire.
  • The report recommends improving the industry's efficiency and cites previously successful approaches.
  • Tickets are piled on the doorstep, from the city representative who frequently cites the house.
  • The study cites archaeological remains that reflect a relatively sophisticated system of communication.
  • Ask them to take notes on the effects of globalization that the author cites in this article.
  • The report cites specific cases that suggest climate change has already provoked epidemics.
  • The resolution, which cites years of tension over his leadership style, demands that he step down within two months.
British Dictionary definitions for cites


Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species


verb (transitive)
to quote or refer to (a passage, book, or author) in substantiation as an authority, proof, or example
to mention or commend (a soldier, etc) for outstanding bravery or meritorious action
to summon to appear before a court of law
to enumerate: he cited the king's virtues
Derived Forms
citable, citeable, adjective
citer, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French citer to summon, from Latin citāre to rouse, from citus quick, from ciēre to excite
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for cites


Usage Note

shortened form's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014, LLC
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Word Origin and History for cites



mid-15c., "to summon," from Old French citer "to summon" (14c.), from Latin citare "to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite," frequentative of ciere "to move, set in motion, stir, rouse, call, invite" from PIE root *keie- "to set in motion, to move to and fro" (cf. Sanskrit cyavate "stirs himself, goes;" Greek kinein "to move, set in motion; change, stir up," kinymai "move myself;" Gothic haitan "call, be called;" Old English hatan "command, call"). Sense of "calling forth a passage of writing" is first attested 1530s. Related: Cited; citing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Related Abbreviations for cites


Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species [of Wild Fauna and Flora]


The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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