[sit-uh-zuhn, -suhn]
a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection (distinguished from alien ).
an inhabitant of a city or town, especially one entitled to its privileges or franchises.
an inhabitant, or denizen: The deer is a citizen of our woods.
a civilian, as distinguished from a soldier, police officer, etc.

1275–1325; Middle English citisein < Anglo-French citesein, Old French citeain, equivalent to cite city + -ain -an; Anglo-French s perhaps by association with deinzain denizen

citizenly, adjective
noncitizen, noun
uncitizenly, adjective
undercitizen, noun

citizen, resident. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
citizen (ˈsɪtɪzən)
1.  Compare alien a native registered or naturalized member of a state, nation, or other political community
2.  an inhabitant of a city or town
3.  a native or inhabitant of any place
4.  a civilian, as opposed to a soldier, public official, etc
Related: civil
[C14: from Anglo-French citesein, from Old French citeien, from cité,city]
fem n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1314, from Anglo-Fr. citezein (spelling alt. by infl. of denizen), from O.Fr. citeain, from cite (see city), replacing O.E. burhsittend and ceasterware. Sense of "inhabitant of a country" is late 14c. Related: Citizenry (1819).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Workshops or citizen advisory committees and juries can be held to vet the
  issues involved.
Every city is a potential battleground, every citizen a target.
They're also citizens, who have citizen values-including saving the planet from
  global warming.
With this sort of appropriate task structure, you can become a useful citizen.
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