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civil law

the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters.
Roman History. the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations.
Compare jus civile.
systems of law influenced significantly and in various ways by Roman law, especially as contained in the Corpus Juris Civilis, as distinct from the common law and canon or ecclesiastical law.
Origin of civil law
late Middle English
1375-1425; late Middle English
Related forms
civil-law, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for civil law
  • Actually, a libertarian candidate explained to me years ago that your property rights would be protected by civil law.
  • Awkwardly, no consistent distinction exists between an offence that should be handled under criminal law and one under civil law.
  • The question of product liability would be best left to civil law.
  • In a democracy people live under the rule of civil law and freedom is not only for oneself but also for the other.
  • People raising this did not spend some effort in researching civil law and studying the various national cultures.
  • Without it a framework of civil law is inadequate to maintain order in a free society.
  • If this transaction goes bad for any reason, civil law is your recourse.
  • Also, as far as the state is concerned marriage is a contract governed by civil law.
  • Canon law and civil law in combination slightly exceed the three philosophies.
  • The reception of civil law in the northern kingdom rendered it less possible to regard the crown as the supreme source of right.
British Dictionary definitions for civil law

civil law

the law of a state relating to private and civilian affairs
the body of law in force in ancient Rome, esp the law applicable to private citizens
any system of law based on the Roman system as distinguished from the common law and canon law
the law of a state as distinguished from international law
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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