a person who makes a claim; claimant.
Horse Racing.
a horse participating in a claiming race.

1400–50; late Middle English; see claim, -er1

preclaimer, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
claim (kleɪm)
1.  to demand as being due or as one's property; assert one's title or right to: he claimed the record
2.  (takes a clause as object or an infinitive) to assert as a fact; maintain against denial: he claimed to be telling the truth
3.  to call for or need; deserve: this problem claims our attention
4.  to take: the accident claimed four lives
5.  an assertion of a right; a demand for something as due
6.  an assertion of something as true, real, or factual: he made claims for his innocence
7.  a right or just title to something; basis for demand: a claim to fame
8.  lay claim to, stake a claim to to assert one's possession of or right to
9.  anything that is claimed, esp in a formal or legal manner, such as a piece of land staked out by a miner
10.  law former name writ a document under seal, issued in the name of the Crown or a court, commanding the person to whom it is addressed to do or refrain from doing some specified act
11.  a.  a demand for payment in connection with an insurance policy, etc
 b.  the sum of money demanded
[C13: from Old French claimer to call, appeal, from Latin clāmāre to shout]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
If after a week no one claimer her she would be legally ours.
She caressed him gently, but uttered no dis claimer.
They seemed to menace the portly re- claimer from every possible direction, except the open way to the street.
Condensed perc vapors from the re- claimer unit also contain water.
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