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clamp

[klamp] /klæmp/
noun
1.
a device, usually of some rigid material, for strengthening or supporting objects or fastening them together.
2.
an appliance with opposite sides or parts that may be adjusted or brought closer together to hold or compress something.
3.
one of a pair of movable pieces, made of lead or other soft material, for covering the jaws of a vise and enabling it to grasp without bruising.
4.
Also called clamp rail. Carpentry. a rail having a groove or a number of mortises for receiving the ends of a number of boards to bind them into a flat piece, as a drawing board or door.
5.
Nautical.
  1. a horizontal timber in a wooden hull, secured to ribs to support deck beams and to provide longitudinal strength.
  2. mast clamp.
verb (used with object)
6.
to fasten with or fix in a clamp.
Verb phrases
7.
clamp down, to become more strict:
There were too many tax loopholes, so the government clamped down.
8.
clamp down on, to impose or increase controls on.
Origin of clamp
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (noun) < Middle Dutch clampe clamp, cleat; cognate with Middle Low German klampe
Related forms
unclamped, adjective
Synonyms
6. clinch, clench, secure.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for clamp
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Put the flask on a ring stand and, holding it steady, fasten the neck of the flask with a clamp that is attached to the stand.

    Common Science Carleton W. Washburne
  • The boards are then placed in a vise or clamp and allowed to remain there over night.

    Boys' Book of Model Boats Raymond Francis Yates
  • The finding of the matches was like an anesthetic to the agony of the clamp on his leg.

    Bulldog Carney W. A. Fraser
  • The clamp may be made of flat or round spring brass or bronze.

  • This was accomplished by means of a clamp, in the method of block.

British Dictionary definitions for clamp

clamp1

/klæmp/
noun
1.
a mechanical device with movable jaws with which an object can be secured to a bench or with which two objects may be secured together
2.
See also wheel clamp
3.
a means by which a fixed joint may be strengthened
4.
(nautical) a horizontal beam fastened to the ribs for supporting the deck beams in a wooden vessel
verb (transitive)
5.
to fix or fasten with or as if with a clamp
6.
to immobilize (a car) by means of a wheel clamp
7.
to inflict or impose forcefully: they clamped a curfew on the town
Word Origin
C14: from Dutch or Low German klamp; related to Old English clamm bond, fetter, Old Norse kleppr lump

clamp2

/klæmp/
noun
1.
a mound formed out of a harvested root crop, covered with straw and earth to protect it from winter weather
2.
a pile of bricks ready for processing in a furnace
verb
3.
(transitive) to enclose (a harvested root crop) in a mound
Word Origin
C16: from Middle Dutch klamp heap; related to clump
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for clamp
n.

device for fastening, c.1300, probably from clamb, perhaps originally past tense of climb (v.), or from Middle Dutch clampe (Dutch klamp), from West Germanic *klamp- "clamp, cleat;" cf. Middle Low German klampe "clasp, hook," Old High German klampfer "clip, clamp;" also probably related to Middle Dutch klamme "a clamp, hook, grapple," Danish klamme "a clamp, cramp," Old English clamm "fetter;" see clam (n.).

v.

"to fasten with a clamp," 1670s, from clamp (n.). Related: Clamped; clamping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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clamp in Medicine

clamp (klāmp)
n.
An instrument for the compression or grasping of a structure.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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