clan

[klan]
noun
1.
a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor: the Mackenzie clan.
2.
a group of people of common descent; family: Our whole clan got together for Thanksgiving.
3.
a group of people, as a clique, set, society, or party, especially as united by some common trait, characteristic, or interest: a clan of actors and directors.
4.
Anthropology.
a.
the principal social unit of tribal organization, in which descent is reckoned exclusively in either the paternal or the maternal line.
b.
a group of people regarded as being descended from a common ancestor.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English (Scots) < Scots Gaelic clann < Old Irish cland offspring < Latin planta scion, plant, perhaps directly < British Celtic; compare Welsh plant children

clanless, adjective
interclan, adjective
subclan, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
clan (klæn)
 
n
1.  a group of people interrelated by ancestry or marriage
2.  a group of families with a common surname and a common ancestor, acknowledging the same leader, esp among the Scots and the Irish
3.  a group of people united by common characteristics, aims, or interests
 
[C14: from Scottish Gaelic clann family, descendants, from Latin planta sprout, plant1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

clan
c.1425, from Gael. clann "family, stock, offspring," akin to O.Ir. cland "offspring, tribe," both from L. planta "offshoot" (see plant (n.)). Gaelic (Goidelic) Celtic had no initial p-, so it substituted k- or c- for L. p-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Meanwhile he has concentrated ever more power and wealth in the hands of his
  own extended family and clan.
Instead, he suggests, support should be directed towards local leaders and clan
  elders.
One big question raised by the new study is whether any life could survive
  expulsion from its planetary clan.
They're not identical, but there's no sign of genetic differences large enough
  to explain clan differences.
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