clarsach

clarsach

[klair-sakh, -suhkh, klahr-]
noun
an ancient Irish and Scottish harp.
Also, clairseach, clarseach [klair-sakh, -suhkh, klahr-] , clarsech, clarseth [klair-suhkh, klahr-] .


Origin:
< Scots Gaelic clàrsach (compare Scots clareschaw) or Irish cláirseach, MIr cláirsech

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World English Dictionary
clarsach (ˈklɑrsəx, ˈklɑːsək)
 
n
the Celtic harp of Scotland and Ireland
 
[C15: clareschaw, from Scottish Gaelic clarsach, Irish Gaelic cláirsach harp]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

clarsach

traditional harp of medieval Ireland and Scotland, characterized by a huge soundbox carved from a solid block of wood; a heavy, curved neck; and a deeply outcurved forepillar-a form shared by the medieval Scottish harp. It was designed to bear great tension from the heavy brass strings (normally 30 to 50), which were plucked by the fingernails to produce a ringing, bell-like sound. It is strung diatonically (seven notes per octave)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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