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clay1

[kley] /kleɪ/
noun
1.
a natural earthy material that is plastic when wet, consisting essentially of hydrated silicates of aluminum: used for making bricks, pottery, etc.
2.
earth; mud.
3.
earth, especially regarded as the material from which the human body was formed.
4.
the human body, especially as distinguished from the spirit or soul; the flesh.
5.
human character as estimated according to fineness of constitution, endowments, etc.:
The saints and heroes seem of a different clay from most of us.
verb (used with object)
6.
to treat or mix with clay; cover, daub, or fill with clay.
7.
to filter through clay.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English clǣg, cognate with Dutch, German Klei, akin to glue
Related forms
claylike, adjective
unclayed, adjective

clay2

[kley] /kleɪ/
noun
1.
a lusterless serge having a rough texture.
Also called clay worsted.
Origin
perhaps short for clay drab clay-colored cloth

Clay

[kley] /kleɪ/
noun
1.
Bertha M (Charlotte Monica Braeme) 1836–84, English author: originator of a long series of romantic novels.
2.
Cassius Marcellus, 1810–1903, U.S. antislavery leader and diplomat.
3.
Cassius Marcellus, Jr. original name of Muhammad Ali.
4.
Henry, 1777–1852, U.S. statesman and orator.
5.
Lucius (DuBignon)
[doo-bin-yon] /ˌdu bɪnˈyɒn/ (Show IPA),
1897–1978, U.S. general.
6.
a male given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for clay
  • Properly cased leather should be cool to the touch, and should feel like wet clay.
  • For this reason clay pipes in particular are often held by the stem.
  • For the former he made clay models for study and a clay figure.
  • Naan, however, is baked in a tandoor or clay oven and is rarely prepared at home.
  • The clay is first ground and mixed with water to the desired consistency.
  • The clay is then pressed into steel moulds with a hydraulic press.
  • They are very durable and considered more handsome than clay bricks by some.
  • They are usable across this range as they are lighter than clay bricks.
  • Inlaying cured or uncured clay tiles or chips to create mosaics.
  • Multimedia combining clay with wire, paper, beads, charms, stamps, fabric, etc.
British Dictionary definitions for clay

clay

/kleɪ/
noun
1.
a very fine-grained material that consists of hydrated aluminium silicate, quartz, and organic fragments and occurs as sedimentary rocks, soils, and other deposits. It becomes plastic when moist but hardens on heating and is used in the manufacture of bricks, cement, ceramics, etc related adjective figuline
2.
earth or mud in general
3.
(poetic) the material of the human body
verb
4.
(transitive) to cover or mix with clay
Derived Forms
clayey, clayish, claylike, adjective
Word Origin
Old English clǣg; related to Old High German klīa, Norwegian kli, Latin glūs glue, Greek gloios sticky oil

Clay

/kleɪ/
noun
1.
Cassius See Muhammad Ali
2.
Henry. 1777–1852, US statesman and orator; secretary of state (1825–29)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for clay
n.

Old English clæg "stiff, sticky earth; clay," from West Germanic *klaijaz (cf. Old High German kliwa "bran," German Kleie, Old Frisian klai "clay," Old Saxon klei, Middle Dutch clei, Danish klæg "clay;" also Old English clæman, Old Norse kleima, Old High German kleiman "to cover with clay"), from PIE root *glei- "clay" (cf. Greek gloios "sticky matter;" Latin gluten "glue;" Old Church Slavonic glina "clay," glenu "slime, mucus;" Old Irish glenim "I cleave, adhere").

in Scripture, the stuff from which the body of the first man was formed; hence "human body" (especially when dead). Clay pigeon is from 1888. Feet of clay "fundamental weakness" is from Dan. ii:33.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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clay in Science
clay
  (klā)   
A stiff, sticky sedimentary material that is soft and pliable when wet and consists mainly of various silicates of aluminum. Clay particles are smaller than silt, having a diameter less than 0.0039 mm. Clay is widely used to make bricks, pottery, and tiles.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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clay in the Bible

This word is used of sediment found in pits or in streets (Isa. 57:20; Jer. 38:60), of dust mixed with spittle (John 9:6), and of potter's clay (Isa. 41:25; Nah. 3:14; Jer. 18:1-6; Rom. 9:21). Clay was used for sealing (Job 38:14; Jer. 32:14). Our Lord's tomb may have been thus sealed (Matt. 27:66). The practice of sealing doors with clay is still common in the East. Clay was also in primitive times used for mortar (Gen. 11:3). The "clay ground" in which the large vessels of the temple were cast (1 Kings 7:46; 2 Chr. 4:17) was a compact loam fitted for the purpose. The expression literally rendered is, "in the thickness of the ground,", meaning, "in stiff ground" or in clay.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with clay
In addition to the idiom beginning with clay also see: feet of clay
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for clay

9
10
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