clostridium

[klo-strid-ee-uhm]
noun, plural clostridia [klo-strid-ee-uh] . Bacteriology.
any of several rod-shaped, spore-forming, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, found in soil and in the intestinal tract of humans and animals.

Origin:
1880–85; < Neo-Latin < Greek klōstr-, variant stem of klōstḗr spindle (klōs-, variant stem of klṓthein (see Clotho) + -tēr agent suffix) + Neo-Latin -idium -idium

clostridial, clostridian, adjective
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World English Dictionary
clostridium (klɒˈstrɪdɪəm)
 
n , pl -iums, -ia
any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium, occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae. The genus includes the species causing botulism and tetanus
 
[C20: from New Latin, literally: small spindle, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin; see -ium]
 
clos'tridial
 
adj
 
clos'tridian
 
adj

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Clostridium Clos·trid·i·um (klŏ-strĭd'ē-əm)
n.
A genus of rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria including the nitrogen-fixing bacteria found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Clostridium difficile is often acquired in a hospital setting by patients on antibiotics.
Clostridium difficile is a recognized pathogen in neonatal pigs and may contribute to enteritis in calves.
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