an outer garment with sleeves, covering at least the upper part of the body: a new fur coat; a coat for formal wear.
a natural integument or covering, as the hair, fur, or wool of an animal, the bark of a tree, or the skin of a fruit.
a layer of anything that covers a surface: That wall needs another coat of paint.
a mucous layer covering or lining an organ or connected parts, as on the tongue.
Archaic. a petticoat or skirt.
a garment indicating profession, class, etc.
the profession, class, etc., so indicated.
verb (used with object)
to cover with a layer or coating: He coated the wall with paint. The furniture was coated with dust.
to cover thickly, especially with a viscous fluid or substance: Heat the mixture until it coats a spoon. The boy was coated with mud from head to foot.
to cover or provide with a coat.

1250–1300; Middle English cote < Anglo-French, Old French < Germanic; compare German Kotze, Old Saxon cott woolen coat

coater, noun
coatless, adjective
recoat, verb (used with object)
recoat, noun

8. spread, smear, encrust. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
coat (kəʊt)
1.  an outdoor garment with sleeves, covering the body from the shoulder to waist, knee, or foot
2.  any similar garment, esp one forming the top to a suit
3.  a layer that covers or conceals a surface: a coat of dust
4.  the hair, wool, or fur of an animal
5.  short for coat of arms
6.  (Austral) on the coat in disfavour
vb (often foll by with)
7.  to cover (with) a layer or covering
8.  (tr) to provide with a coat
[C16: from Old French cote of Germanic origin; compare Old Saxon kotta, Old High German kozzo]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "outer garment," from O.Fr. cote, from Frank. *kotta "coarse cloth," of unknown origin. Transferred to animal's natural covering late 14c. Extended 1660s to a layer of any substance covering any surface.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

coat (kōt)
The outer covering or enveloping layer or layers of an organ or part.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Coat definition

the tunic worn like the shirt next the skin (Lev. 16:4; Cant. 5:3; 2 Sam. 15:32; Ex. 28:4; 29:5). The "coats of skins" prepared by God for Adam and Eve were probably nothing more than aprons (Gen. 3:21). This tunic was sometimes woven entire without a seam (John 19:23); it was also sometimes of "many colours" (Gen. 37:3; R.V. marg., "a long garment with sleeves"). The "fisher's coat" of John 21:7 was obviously an outer garment or cloak, as was also the "coat" made by Hannah for Samuel (1 Sam. 2:19). (See DRESS.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The frock coat full of wadding, cut close to pull the figure into shape,
  gradually gave way to a looser but still precise jacket.
Get some spray-on white for your hair, a lab coat and a pair of welder's
The color of this tapetal layer varies to some extent with an animal's coat
We have one prof who wears shorts with dress shoes and dress socks and a sport
  coat or suit jacket.
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