coccidiosis

coccidiosis

[kok-sid-ee-oh-sis]
noun Veterinary Pathology.
any of a series of specific infectious diseases caused by epithelial protozoan parasites, which may affect the intestines of birds, domestic animals, or dogs.

Origin:
1890–95; < Neo-Latin Coccidi(a) (see coccidium) + -osis

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World English Dictionary
coccidiosis (kɒkˌsɪdɪˈəʊsɪs)
 
n
any disease of domestic and other animals caused by introcellular parasitic protozoa of the order Coccidia. One species, Isospora hominis, can infect humans
 
[C19: from New Latin; see coccus, -osis]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

coccidiosis
1892, from coccidium (1867), from Mod.L., from Gk. *kokkidion, dim. of kokkis, dim. of kokkos "berry" + -osis.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

coccidiosis coc·cid·i·o·sis (kŏk-sĭd'ē-ō'sĭs)
n.
An intestinal disease caused by a coccidium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

coccidiosis

any of several gastrointestinal infections of humans and other animals produced by members of the sporozoan parasite coccidium (class Coccidea). Human coccidiosis is produced by species of Isospora; in its severe form it is characterized by diarrhea (sometimes alternating with constipation), fever, abdominal pain, nausea, headache, loss of appetite, and loss of weight. The symptoms appear about one week after ingestion of spores and subside spontaneously after one to four weeks. Wildlife such as bony fishes, amphibia, reptiles, birds, and mammals harbour Isospora and other genera, and each category of livestock-chickens, cattle, sheep, rabbits, pigs, etc.-has its own coccidian parasites. Coccidiosis may be controlled by sanitary conditions and possibly by administration of certain sulfonamides, arsenicals, and antibiotics. See also cryptococcosis.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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