9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[kuh-lab-uh-reyt] /kəˈlæb əˌreɪt/
verb (used without object), collaborated, collaborating.
to work, one with another; cooperate, as on a literary work:
They collaborated on a novel.
to cooperate, usually willingly, with an enemy nation, especially with an enemy occupying one's country:
He collaborated with the Nazis during World War II.
Origin of collaborate
1870-75; < Late Latin collabōrātus (past participle of collabōrāre), equivalent to col- col-1 + labor work + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
collaborator, noun
Can be confused
collaborate, corroborate.
2. collude, join, assist, abet. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for collaborated
  • Some writers have collaborated with musicians to create authorized book-soundtrack pairings.
  • Hacker have collaborated once again to share what has helped us work through and enjoy the time in between traditional semesters.
  • Some collaborated with ethologists and psychologists to put the study of childhood on an ever-firmer base of empirical evidence.
  • Professionally, she collaborated with different music producers and tried out a new manager.
  • We have even collaborated in the past, but don't hold that against him.
  • Carney collaborated on the research with a team of scientists who have developed a method to reconstruct colors from fossils.
  • The university has collaborated with physicians, funeral directors, citizens and a medical device nonprofit.
  • All these scientists are close friends and collaborated together for many years.
  • Some he's collaborated with for many years and trusts implicitly.
  • We were already good friends, having collaborated closely on several stories.
British Dictionary definitions for collaborated


verb (intransitive)
often foll by on, with, etc. to work with another or others on a joint project
to cooperate as a traitor, esp with an enemy occupying one's own country
Derived Forms
collaborative, adjective
collaborator, noun
Word Origin
C19: from Late Latin collabōrāre, from Latin com- together + labōrāre to work
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for collaborated



1871, back-formation from collaborator. Given a bad sense in World War II. Related: Collaborated; collaborating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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