The place was a ruin; literally, the pig sty of a collective farm.
One of his neighbors, Niko Mchetkishvili, 58, said the last job he had was at a collective farm back 1990s.
collective farm statutes require the farms to devote from 18 to 25 percent of their annual gross income to investment.
The collective farm statute also entitles each family to maintain a few domestic animals privately.
Not all the collective farm members participate in the work of the collective.
Until 1961 collective farm members received a rental payment for the land in the annual distribution of the farm's income.
The collective farm cannot limit the number of members who may participate in the work.
Women constituted about 43 percent of the industrial and 57.5 percent of the collective farm labor forces.
The collective farm population consisted of almost 3.5 million families, including more than 10 million collective members.
collective farm associations are organized for various types of specialized production.