of, concerning, or pertaining to a colony or colonies: the colonial policies of France.
of, concerning, or pertaining to colonialism; colonialistic.
(often initial capital letter) pertaining to the 13 British colonies that became the United States of America, or to their period.
Ecology. forming a colony.
(initial capital letter) Architecture, Furniture.
noting or pertaining to the styles of architecture, ornament, and furnishings of the British colonies in America in the 17th and 18th centuries, mainly adapted to local materials and demands from prevailing English styles.
noting or pertaining to various imitations of the work of American colonial artisans.
an inhabitant of a colony.
a house in or imitative of the Colonial style.

1770–80, Americanism; colony + -al1

colonially, adverb
noncolonial, adjective, noun
noncolonially, adverb
procolonial, adjective, noun
semicolonial, adjective
semicolonially, adverb
uncolonial, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
colonial (kəˈləʊnɪəl)
1.  of, characteristic of, relating to, possessing, or inhabiting a colony or colonies
2.  (often capital) characteristic of or relating to the 13 British colonies that became the United States of America (1776)
3.  (often capital) of or relating to the colonies of the British Empire
4.  denoting, relating to, or having the style of Neoclassical architecture used in the British colonies in America in the 17th and 18th centuries
5.  of or relating to the period of Australian history before Federation (1901)
6.  (of organisms such as corals and bryozoans) existing as a colony of polyps
7.  (of animals and plants) having become established in a community in a new environment
8.  a native of a colony

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1750s, from L. colonia (see colony) + -al (1). Meaning "from or characteristic of America during colonial times" is from 1776. The noun meaning "inhabitant of a colony" is recorded from 1865.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The historic square is home to a variety of architectural styles, from colonial
  to modern.
Australians have been battling nonnative pests with mixed success since
  colonial days.
Desperate appeals began pouring into colonial offices.
Interpreters in period dress explain history and demonstrate colonial crafts in
  their cabins.
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