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1940, from colpo-, Latinized comb. form of Greek kolpos "womb" (used from c.1900 in medical compounds in sense "vagina;" see gulf (n.)) + -oscopy (see -scope).
colposcopy col·pos·co·py (kŏl-pŏs'kə-pē)n. Coldoscopic examination of the vaginal and cervical epithelia.