compartment

[kuhm-pahrt-muhnt]
noun
1.
a part or space marked or partitioned off.
2.
a separate room, section, etc.: a baggage compartment.
3.
U.S. Railroads. a private bedroom with toilet facilities.
4.
a separate aspect, function, or the like: the compartments of the human mind.
5.
Architecture. a distinct major division of a design.
6.
Heraldry. a decorative base, as a grassy mound, on which the supporters of an escutcheon stand or rest.
verb (used with object)
7.
to divide into compartments.

Origin:
1555–65; < Middle French compartiment < Italian compartimento. See compart, -ment


1. division, section. 1, 2. See apartment.
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World English Dictionary
compartment (kəmˈpɑːtmənt)
 
n
1.  one of the sections into which an area, esp an enclosed space, is divided or partitioned
2.  any separate part or section: a compartment of the mind
3.  a small storage space; locker
 
[C16: from French compartiment, ultimately from Late Latin compartīrī to share, from Latin com- with + partīrī to apportion, from parspart]
 
compartmental
 
adj
 
compart'mentally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

compartment
1564, from M.Fr. compartiment "part partitioned off," through It. compartimento, from L.L. compartiri "to divide," from com- intensive prefix + partis, gen. of pars "part" (see part). Related: Compartmentalization (1923); compartmentalize (1925); compartmentalized (1925).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
My watch was still on the floor beneath the glove compartment.
Flip up the saddle, and it has a handy-dandy storage compartment for a wallet
  and keys.
The crew compartment crashed into the ocean, killing all seven crew members.
Compartment syndrome is a serious condition that involves increased pressure in
  a muscle compartment.
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