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componential analysis

noun, Linguistics
the analysis of a set of related linguistic items, especially word meanings, into combinations of features in terms of which each item may be compared with every other, as in the analysis of man into the semantic features “male,” “mature,” and “human,” woman into “female,” “mature,” and “human,” girl into “female,” “immature,” and “human,” and bull into “male,” “mature,” and “bovine.”.
Origin of componential analysis
1945-50 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Contemporary definitions for componential-analysis

in linguistics, the analysis of aspects of language into contrastive components or distinctive features

Usage Note

grammar's 21st Century Lexicon
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Difficulty index for componential analysis

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