|1.||the act of putting together or making up by combining parts or ingredients|
|2.||something formed in this manner or the resulting state or quality; a mixture|
|3.||the parts of which something is composed or made up; constitution|
|4.||a work of music, art, or literature|
|5.||the harmonious arrangement of the parts of a work of art in relation to each other and to the whole|
|6.||a piece of writing undertaken as an academic exercise in grammatically acceptable writing; an essay|
|7.||printing the act or technique of setting up type|
|8.||linguistics the formation of compound words|
|9.||logic the fallacy of inferring that the properties of the part are also true of the whole, as every member of the team has won a prize, so the team will win a prize|
|10.||a. a settlement by mutual consent, esp a legal agreement whereby the creditors agree to accept partial payment of a debt in full settlement|
|b. the sum so agreed|
|11.||chem the nature and proportions of the elements comprising a chemical compound|
|[C14: from Old French, from Latin compositus; see |
in ancient Germanic law, money given to a person who had been wronged or injured by the person responsible for the act. Composition arose among the Germanic peoples as an alternative to blood feud and personal vengeance. The amount paid was determined by a man's worth, or wer, which in turn was determined by his status in society. If he died, the money went to his family; in certain cases part went to the lord or king, as compensation for loss of a vassal. Although the right to composition and the amount paid originally arose out of an agreement between the parties involved, these issues were later settled by law. See also wergild.
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