confine

[kuhn-fahyn for 1, 2, 5, 6; kon-fahyn for 3, 4]
verb (used with object), confined, confining.
1.
to enclose within bounds; limit or restrict: She confined her remarks to errors in the report. Confine your efforts to finishing the book.
2.
to shut or keep in; prevent from leaving a place because of imprisonment, illness, discipline, etc.: For that offense he was confined to quarters for 30 days.
noun
3.
Usually, confines. a boundary or bound; limit; border; frontier.
4.
Often, confines. region; territory.
5.
Archaic. confinement.
6.
Obsolete. a place of confinement; prison.

Origin:
1350–1400 for noun; 1515–25 for v.; (noun) Middle English < Middle French confins, confines < Medieval Latin confinia, plural of Latin confinis boundary, border (see con-, fine2); (v.) < Middle French confiner, verbal derivative of confins < Latin, as above

confinable, confineable, adjective
confineless, adjective
confiner, noun
nonconfining, adjective
preconfine, verb (used with object), preconfined, preconfining.
quasi-confining, adjective
reconfine, verb (used with object), reconfined, reconfining.
self-confining, adjective
unconfinable, adjective
unconfining, adjective


1. circumscribe.


1, 2. free.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
confine
 
vb
1.  to keep or close within bounds; limit; restrict
2.  to keep shut in; restrict the free movement of: arthritis confined him to bed
 
n
3.  (often plural) a limit; boundary
 
[C16: from Medieval Latin confīnāre from Latin confīnis adjacent, from fīnis end, boundary]
 
con'finable
 
adj
 
con'fineable
 
adj
 
'confineless
 
adj
 
con'finer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

confine
c.1400, from L. confinium (pl. confinia) "boundary, limit," from confine, neut. of confinis "bordering on," from com- "with" + finis "an end" (see finish). The noun is older in Eng.; verb sense of "keeping within limits" is from 1595.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She will not even confine it to the housetop, but will bear it in procession
  along the thoroughfare.
Students are limiting their opportunities if they confine themselves to their
  specific degrees.
The researchers did not confine themselves to poking fun at lexicographers,
  though.
Please confine yourself to discussions of the topic at hand.
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