verb (used with object)
to fill to excess; overcrowd or overburden; clog: The subway entrance was so congested that no one could move.
Pathology. to cause an unnatural accumulation of blood or other fluid in (a body part or blood vessel): The cold congested her sinuses.
Obsolete. to heap together.
verb (used without object)
to become congested: His throat congested with phlegm.

1530–40; < Latin congestus (past participle of congerere; see congeries), equivalent to con- con- + ges- (variant stem of gerere) + -tus past participle suffix

congestible, adjective
congestive, adjective
noncongestive, adjective
precongested, adjective
precongestive, adjective
supercongested, adjective
uncongested, adjective
uncongestive, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
congest (kənˈdʒɛst)
1.  to crowd or become crowded to excess; overfill
2.  to overload or clog (an organ or part) with blood or (of an organ or part) to become overloaded or clogged with blood
3.  (tr; usually passive) to block (the nose) with mucus
[C16: from Latin congestus pressed together, from congerere to assemble; see congeries]

congested (kənˈdʒɛstɪd)
1.  crowded to excess; overfull
2.  (of an organ or part) loaded or clogged with blood
3.  (of the nose) blocked with mucus

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1538, "to bring together" (trans.), from L. congestus, pp. of congerere "to bring together, pile up," from com- "together" + gerere "to carry, perform." Medical sense of "unnatural accumulation" (1758) led to transferred (intrans.) sense of "overcrowd" (1859).

1570s, "heaped up," pp. adj. from congest. Meaning "overcrowded" is recorded from 1862.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

congest con·gest (kən-jěst')
v. con·gest·ed, con·gest·ing, con·gests
To cause the accumulation of excessive blood or tissue fluid in a vessel or an organ.

congested con·gest·ed (kən-jěs'tĭd)
Affected with or characterized by congestion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The composition is jam-packed, but it doesn't feel congested or fussy.
It's not exactly a traffic jam up there yet, but it's getting a little
These mark less congested areas of the network that could be used by phone
  companies to divert surges in traffic on the network.
The system also predicts when a congested road will return to normal flow.
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