"You canker blossom!" 3 Shakespearean Insults


[kuh n-grach-uh-leyt or, often, -graj-, kuh ng-] /kənˈgrætʃ əˌleɪt or, often, -ˈgrædʒ-, kəŋ-/
verb (used with object), congratulated, congratulating.
to express pleasure to (a person), as on a happy occasion:
They congratulated him on his marriage.
Archaic. to express sympathetic joy or satisfaction at (an event).
Obsolete. to salute.
Origin of congratulate
1540-50; < Latin congrātulātus, past participle of congrātulārī. See congratulant, -ate1
Related forms
congratulator, noun
precongratulate, verb (used with object), precongratulated, precongratulating.
uncongratulated, adjective
uncongratulating, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for congratulate
  • Yes, it's smarmy to compliment or congratulate people in whom your only interest is what they can do for your career.
  • Murphy and congratulate him with this, the highest compliment.
  • If somebody beats you up, you're not going to congratulate them.
  • Also congratulate yourself for any advance preparation you've already done.
  • We congratulate you on winning this trip and know you are having a great experience.
  • Control to congratulate them at the welcome ceremony.
  • And then they will congratulate him again on his newest.
  • But it gets you on television, and your mates no doubt congratulate you afterwards at the pub.
  • We can disagree with some of his beliefs and still be fans of his show, and still congratulate him for helping so many animals.
  • Many of the comments urge the founders well and congratulate them on their tremendous payday.
British Dictionary definitions for congratulate


verb (transitive)
(usually foll by on) to communicate pleasure, approval, or praise to (a person or persons); compliment
(often foll by on) to consider (oneself) clever or fortunate (as a result of): she congratulated herself on her tact
(obsolete) to greet
Derived Forms
congratulation, noun
congratulator, noun
congratulatory, congratulative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin congrātulārī, from grātulārī to rejoice, from grātus pleasing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for congratulate

1540s, from Latin congratulatus, past participle of congratulari "to congratulate" (see congratulation). Related: Congratulated; congratulating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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