conquistador

[kon-kwis-tuh-dawr, kong-; Spanish kawng-kees-tah-thawr]
noun, plural conquistadors Spanish, conquistadores [kawng-kees-tah-thaw-res] .
one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.

Origin:
1540–50; < Spanish equivalent to conquist(ar) to conquer (see conquest) + -ador -ator

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World English Dictionary
conquistador (kɒnˈkwɪstəˌdɔː, Spanish konkistaˈðor)
 
n , pl -dors, -dores
an adventurer or conqueror, esp one of the Spanish conquerors of the New World in the 16th century
 
[C19: from Spanish, from conquistar to conquer; see conquest]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

conquistador
1830, from Sp. conquistador, lit. "conqueror," noun of action from conquistar "to conquer," from V.L. conquistare, from L. conquistus, pp. of conquirere "to seek for" (see conquer).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
conquistadores [(kong-kees-tuh-dawr-ays, kong-kees-tuh-dawr-eez)]

The Spanish military leaders who established Spanish rule in the New World by overthrowing Native American governments. (See Hernando Cortés and Francisco Pizarro.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But the real cross-disciplinary conquistadores turn out not to be the geneticists after all.
They depict saints as well as grotesque-looking, devilish figures, conquistadores and bizarrely imaginative animals.
Few things concentrate the minds of conquistadores more than the promise of gold.
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