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constable

[kon-stuh-buh l or, esp. British, kuhn-] /ˈkɒn stə bəl or, esp. British, ˈkʌn-/
noun
1.
an officer of the peace, having police and minor judicial functions, usually in a small town, rural district, etc.
2.
Chiefly British. a police officer.
3.
an officer of high rank in medieval monarchies, usually the commander of all armed forces, especially in the absence of the ruler.
4.
the keeper or governor of a royal fortress or castle.
Origin of constable
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English conestable < Anglo-French, Old French < Late Latin comes stabulī count2 of the stable1
Related forms
constableship, noun
underconstable, noun

Constable

[kuhn-stuh-buh l, kon-] /ˈkʌn stə bəl, ˈkɒn-/
noun
1.
John, 1776–1837, English painter.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for constable

constable

/ˈkʌnstəbəl; ˌkɒn-/
noun
1.
(in Britain, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, etc) a police officer of the lowest rank
2.
any of various officers of the peace, esp one who arrests offenders, serves writs, etc
3.
the keeper or governor of a royal castle or fortress
4.
(in medieval Europe) the chief military officer and functionary of a royal household, esp in France and England
5.
an officer of a hundred in medieval England, originally responsible for raising the military levy but later assigned other administrative duties
Derived Forms
constableship, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, from Late Latin comes stabulī officer in charge of the stable, from Latin comes comrade + stabulum dwelling, stable; see also count²

Constable

/ˈkʌnstəbəl/
noun
1.
John. 1776–1837, English landscape painter, noted particularly for his skill in rendering atmospheric effects of changing light
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for constable
n.

c.1200, "chief household officer, justice of the peace," from Old French conestable (12c., Modern French connétable), "steward, governor," principal officer of the Frankish king's household, from Late Latin comes stabuli, literally "count of the stable" (established by Theodosian Code, c.438 C.E.), hence, "chief groom." See count (n.). Second element is from Latin stabulum "stable, standing place" (see stable (n.)). Probably a translation of a Germanic word. Meaning "an officer of the peace" is from c.1600, transferred to "police officer" 1836. French reborrowed constable 19c. as "English police."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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