an official appointed by the government of one country to look after its commercial interests and the welfare of its citizens in another country.
either of the two chief magistrates of the ancient Roman republic.
French History. one of the three supreme magistrates of the First Republic during the period 1799–1804.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin; traditionally taken to be a derivative of consulere to consult, but orig. and interrelationship of both words is unclear

consular, adjective
consulship, noun
nonconsular, adjective
subconsul, noun
subconsular, adjective
subconsulship, noun

consul, council, counsel (see usage note at council).

See council. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
consul (ˈkɒnsəl)
1.  an official appointed by a sovereign state to protect its commercial interests and aid its citizens in a foreign city
2.  (in ancient Rome) either of two annually elected magistrates who jointly exercised the highest authority in the republic
3.  (in France from 1799 to 1804) any of the three chief magistrates of the First Republic
[C14: from Latin, from consulere to consult]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from L. consul "magistrate in ancient Rome," probably originally "one who consults the Senate," from consulere "to deliberate, take counsel" (see consultation). Modern sense began with use as appellation of various foreign officials and magistrates, "a representative
chosen by a community of merchants living in a foreign country; an agent appointed by a government or ruler to represent the interests of its subjects and traders in a foreign place" (c.1600), an extended sense that developed 13c. in the Sp. form of the word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Consular offices will be opened across the country to replace military bases.
E-mail the consular for the price of the application fees.
Visit your local post office or bank to obtain a money order for the consular
While his application was approved by the immigration department, he still
  needs to go through consular interviews.
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