a person who takes part in a contest or competition.
a person who contests the results of an election.
Law. the party who, in proceedings in the probate court, contests the validity of a will.

1655–65; < French; see contest, -ant

uncontestant, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
contestant (kənˈtɛstənt)
a person who takes part in a contest; competitor

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1660s, from Fr. contestant, prp. of contester (see contest). Noun meaning "one who contests" popularized in U.S. Civil War, when it was a journalist's term for the combatants on either side.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
No popular game show contestant would be either beaten by the police or mocked
  on air.
In fact, the contestant is told the answer and he has to determine the question.
Being a beauty contestant winner gets you more modelling contracts.
Then the home audience would vote by telephone for the ugliest contestant, who
  would receive plastic surgery for free.
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