the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect: You have misinterpreted my remark because you took it out of context.
the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation, etc.
Mycology. the fleshy fibrous body of the pileus in mushrooms.

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin contextus a joining together, scheme, structure, equivalent to contex(ere) to join by weaving (con- con- + texere to plait, weave) + -tus suffix of v. action; cf. text

contextless, adjective

2. background, milieu, climate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
context (ˈkɒntɛkst)
1.  the parts of a piece of writing, speech, etc, that precede and follow a word or passage and contribute to its full meaning: it is unfair to quote out of context
2.  the conditions and circumstances that are relevant to an event, fact, etc
[C15: from Latin contextus a putting together, from contexere to interweave, from com- together + texere to weave, braid]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-15c., from L. contextus "a joining together," orig. pp. of contexere "to weave together," from com- "together" + texere "to weave" (see texture).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

context definition

That which surrounds, and gives meaning to, something else. grammar
In a grammar it refers to the symbols before and after the symbol under consideration. If the syntax of a symbol is independent of its context, the grammar is said to be context-free.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Example sentences
But it must still be clear from the context what the relative clause might be.
Sentences of this type, isolated from their context, may seem to be in need of
Thus, ellipses were frequent, and almost any word that could be supplied from
  the context might be omitted.
Children can remember facts but are less good at recalling the context in which
  those facts are relevant.
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