the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect: You have misinterpreted my remark because you took it out of context.
the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation, etc.
Mycology. the fleshy fibrous body of the pileus in mushrooms.

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin contextus a joining together, scheme, structure, equivalent to contex(ere) to join by weaving (con- con- + texere to plait, weave) + -tus suffix of v. action; cf. text

contextless, adjective

2. background, milieu, climate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
context (ˈkɒntɛkst)
1.  the parts of a piece of writing, speech, etc, that precede and follow a word or passage and contribute to its full meaning: it is unfair to quote out of context
2.  the conditions and circumstances that are relevant to an event, fact, etc
[C15: from Latin contextus a putting together, from contexere to interweave, from com- together + texere to weave, braid]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-15c., from L. contextus "a joining together," orig. pp. of contexere "to weave together," from com- "together" + texere "to weave" (see texture).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
To directly test the hypothesis, the authors should have presented items in
  different contexts, he says.
Rafter illustrates nicely how science develops in different social and
  political contexts.
We learn that humans tend to process information in specific contexts.
The effect is lost when his paintings are removed from the placements for which
  they were conceived for display in other contexts.
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