contracture

[kuhn-trak-cher]
noun Pathology.
a shortening or distortion of muscular or connective tissue due to spasm, scar, or paralysis of the antagonist of the contracting muscle.

Origin:
1650–60; < Latin contractūra, equivalent to contract(us) drawn together (past participle of contrahere; see contract) + -ūra -ure

contractured, adjective
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World English Dictionary
contracture (kənˈtræktʃə)
 
n
a disorder in which a skeletal muscle is permanently tightened (contracted), most often caused by spasm or paralysis of the antagonist muscle that maintains normal muscle tension

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

contracture
1650s, from Fr. contracture, from L. contractura, from contractus, pp. of contrahere (see contract).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

contracture con·trac·ture (kən-trāk'chər)
n.
An abnormal, often permanent shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, that results in distortion or deformity, especially of a joint of the body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Relationship of incision choice to capsular contracture.
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